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Seki/Sakai/Bryant/Oxil/Stronlite/Maraklin/Stalwart House/Standard Railway Trains

Sakai, Stronlite, Oxil Logos


Seki Maraklin 'O' gauge EB505 0-4-0 Box cab electric for the Australian Market circa 1930's Seki Oxil 'O' gauge #C561 3-rail electric 2-4-0 Locomotive and tender circa 1935 Seki was a model train manufacturer that got their start in 1934 prior to WWII in Tokyo, Japan. They manufactured electric trains for export all over the world under the names Bryant, Oxil, Stronlite, Stalwart House, Standard Railway, and Maraklin. Seki made tubular track, trains, signals, accessories, and other tinplate toys. Seki ceased operations during the war. What happened after the war is uncertain, but many believe that they re-emerged as Sakai Seisakusho Ltd. as the trains manufactured by that company were very similar to the pre-war trains made by Seki. During the post-war occupation period, many American soldiers stationed in Japan purchased the low cost train sets manufactured by Sakai, and brought them home to their families in the U.S. In the 1950's the company competed primarily with Marx in the U.S., offering some interesting variants on Marx as well as low-end Lionel and American Flyer 'O' gauge train sets. Seki and Sakai badge-engineered their trains for many different countries, for example the Stronlite brand was created specifically for the UK market in the 1930's, Bryant was targeted at the European Continental market, the Maraklin brand was for the Australian market, and the Stalwart House brand was used for HO train sets sold through Macy's Department Store in the United States in the 1950's.

Seki 'O' gauge ED485 0-4-0 Box cab electric loco Seki 'O' gauge ED539 Box cab 0-4-0 Electric The pre-war Seki offerings were in 'O' gauge for 3-rail track and were representative models of prototypes that ran on the railroads in Japan during this era, which consisted mostly of box cab electric types. A 1935 catalog from B. S. Sidline & Company, of Kobe, Japan, pictures the Seki types ED53x and ED50x 0-4-0 box cab electrics that featured forward and reverse movement and an operating headlight. Also pictured were a type ED16x 2-4-2 and a type ED54x 0-4-4-0 box cab electrics. These Seki electric trains were produced using tinplate sections that were soldered together by hand. Locomotive details included handrails, grab irons, ladders, brass plates, pantographs that could be raised and lowered on the electric models, operating headlights, and reversing units. The Seki 'O' gauge ED16x 2-4-2 electric outline loco featured 2 pairs of driving wheels, both of which were sparred as part of the wheel flange. This unique design was employed so that the wheel would directly mesh with the drive gear powered by the electric motor. This type of sparred driver wheel was utilized on most of the early Seki locomotives. Dual center-rail electrical pick-up shoes were fitted to the locos with a thick coil spring to make excellent track connection. Many examples of the ED16x model have been found with Märklin type couplers from this era.

Seki 'O' gauge C584 Pre-war 2-6-0 Steam Locomotive and Tender Steam outline locomotives were all Pacific's and included a type C51x 2-6-0 with operating headlight and lacquered paint, and the larger type C54x 2-6-0 with similar features. Another version of the 2-6-0 configuration was the streamlined locomotive type c53x with tender. This unique locomotive was modeled after a popular streamliner that was operated in Japan by the government railways in the 1930's and was commonly referred to as the 'Tsubame', which in Japanese means loved. It was also referred to as the 'banjo' by Americans because it's profile somewhat resembles a banjo. The prototype, numbered 5343, was the only one of the Japanese National Railway's 97 C53 class locos built to have shrouding. It was actually a narrow gauge steam locomotive built sometime between 1928-31. A majority of Japan's railways are narrow gauge. The Seki steam outline type models were all 6-coupled 2-6-0 wheel arrangments and were die-cast featuring full valve gear, piping detail, and operating headlights. Only the 2nd and 3rd pair of drivers on the 6 coupled steam outline locomotives were spar-flanged on one side and driven by the spar and flange gear. The 1st set of drivers were blind/unpowered. The reversing mechanism was activated manually via a lever located in the engine cab.

Seki 'O' gauge Pre-war freight set with C584 0-6-0 Steam Loco, 6-wheel tender, Tank car, Gondola, and 2-door baggage wagon circa 1930's

Seki Eight wheeled passenger car, probably for the US market Seki pre-war cast block signal accessory Seki also offered freight cars and passenger cars as well as a complete line of operating train-activated crossing signals, semaphores, crossing gates, buildings, platforms and accessories. Seki 3-rail tubular track was heavy and solidly made, as there were no shortages of steel in the pre-war period. Straight sections measured 290mm long, excluding the track pins. Each sleeper/cross tie had two small rectangular 8mm punched holes for screwing the track to a layout or baseplate. An unusual aspect of the Seki 3-rail track is that one outside rail is set about 1.5mm lower than the other 2 rails. This would be helpful on curves, but the lowered outside rail is also found on their straight track.

Some models of Seki production appear to have features copied from other manufacturer's trains. One item was a passenger coach that resembled an early Lionel #610 coach with arch windows. The Seki version was lithographed in green. The couplers utilized were close copies of Märklin's standard European-type couplings. Other similarities have appeared in pre-World War II Seki tinplate, such as cars with older-style Lionel-style tinplate trucks, Ives-type truck journals, and the Märklin-type couplers.

Seki Bryant 'O' gauge EB599 Pre-war 0-4-0 Electric loco Seki 'O' gauge EB57 Pre-war 2-4-2 Electric outline loco

Seki trains were designed to run on 16 to 18 volts AC track power. To power the trains and accessories Seki produced its own line of transformers. The top of the line model featured a faceplate made of marble and a series of brass terminal taps. A plastic handled plated brass lever knob could be rotated to complete a circuit with whichever tap that could provide the desired voltage. Marble was the most durable insulating material available before the advancement of manufacturing technology for various synthetic resins and ceramic insulation. Each individual electrical tap on the transformer was engraved using a punch to identify the voltage it provided. One line provided 0, 4, 6, 8, and 10 volts, while a secondary line had 10, 11, 12, 14 and 16 volts. Accessories only required a constant current of 6 volts. Input voltage was 100 volts at 100 watts. A smaller transformer with a stamped steel case was also produced that had a 5-stage tap and produced a total output of 40 watts at 5, 6, 7, 8, and 10 volts. The insulation plate in this transformer was made of fiber.

Seki 'O' gauge EB5873 Pre-war 2-4-2 Box Cab Electric Locomotive Seki 'O' gauge EB5873 4-6-4 Box Cab Electric locomotive

The first EB58 models were 2-4-2 configuration electrics, but these were later fitted with the 6-coupled power unit, and the leading and trailing trucks were changed to 2 axels each. The early models were fitted with a manual reverse and a crown uniaxial drive unit. Loco wheels were made of zinc, and as a result sparks emanated from the running locomotive's wheels as they made contact with the rails. These early Seki models also featured more nuts and bolts construction than their later releases. The detailed EB58 'O' gauge 4-6-4 Electric outline loco was featured in both a passenger set with 3 cars and in a freight set that included an oil tanker and caboose.

Seki Trains Made For The British Market Under the Name Stronlite
Seki Stronlite 'O' gauge Pre-war electric Japanese tin plate GWR 0-4-0 Tank loco & Tin printed open wagons bearing the GWR and SR livery
Seki Stronlite 'O' gauge LMS set circa 1930's
Seki Stronlite 'O' gauge Pre-war #5107 LNER 0-4-0 Tank Loco and Passenger coach circa 1930's Seki Stronlite 'O' gauge Pre-war Southern Railway passenger coach

Seki Stronlite 'O' gauge Pre-war LMS 0-4-0 Tank loco Starting in 1934 Seki supplied the UK market with a range of 'O' gauge products under the name 'Stronlite'. Evidently this name was created by the London based Japanese importer Strong & Co. Initial offerings were the normal Seki 'O' gauge tinplate models manufactured for the home market in Japan. To appeal to a wider UK audience, models representing the outlines common to the British Empire were subsequently developed. To accomodate this approach, Seki did what it normally was known for - copying existing products from other manufacturers and undercutting the prices of the competitor's original designs. Amongst the models offered was a set of printed tinplate copies of the Leed's LMS coaches and the 4-4-2 loco that pulled the passenger set was a copy of the Milbro 4-4-2 Tank locomotive.

Seki 'O' gauge Stronlite Hornby M3 Tank copyAn 0-4-0 Tank locomotive copy of the Leeds 0-4-0 Saddle Tank locos was also reproduced by Seki and sold in sets with either 2 painted tin passenger cars or three open wagons. Sets were labeled for either the LNER, LMS, GWR or Southern liveries. Some sets were also sold in the UK under the name Oxil, imported by the Allbright Electrical Co. Ltd. The Seki Tank loco copies are identifiable by a heightened toolbox in the casting. This heightening was done to accomodate fitting the larger Seki/Stronlite/Oxil electric motor into the chasis. Another distinguishing identifier is the way the Seki models employed the drive gear as part of the wheel flanges, plus the wheels are also much more coarse scale than those used on the Leeds locomotives. Other Leeds items copied by Seki/Stronlite included the LMC GW Siphon G wagon, LNER Corridor Coach and LNER Corridor Brake Composite wagon. The Stronlite #4941 tipping wagon looks like a Hornby body mounted on a Märklin chassis. The Oxil line featured a Tank loco appearing to be very similar to the Hornby #1 Tank Loco. The outbreak of World War II brought production of Seki trains to a halt in Japan when all manufacturing facilities were diverted to the war efforts.

Seki Stronlite 'O' gauge copies of Leeds passenger coaches and Milbro 4-4-2 LMS Tank Loco circa 1930's Seki Stronlite 'O' gauge LNER Corridor Brake Composite Coach, LNER Corridor Coach and GWR Siphon G circa 1930's

According to a 1988 interview with the company's original owner, also named Seki, the factories in Japan were bombed and destroyed in 1945. Mr. Seki did not have the energy or resources to rebuild his manufacturing facilities. Former employees then took over operations and made a fresh start utilizing remnants of pre-war production that could be recovered and newer designs. In order to reconstruct the economy of Japan, many toy manufacturers and model makers produced products for export to the U.S. after the war ended. The new company named Sakai Seisakusho Ltd. emerged in Japan around this time.

Seki 'O' gauge MU Set with Power Car and 2 Trailer Cars

The Sakai 1948 catalog pictured an electric outline locomotive in kit form, a set of MU cars, a 2-6-2 steam loco and tinplate passenger cars. The early post-war era equipment was made of stamped and painted steel, similar to the pre-war offerings. Sakai trains were manufactured utilizing tooling and designs that were almost identical to tools used to make the pre-war era Seki 'O' gauge tinplate trains. The Sakai 8-wheel coaches from the post-war era are barely discernable from the 8-wheeled passenger coaches from the pre-war period produced in the many British liveries and exported to England and the Netherlands in the late 1930's under the brand names Stronlite, Bryant and Oxil. Eventually over time thinner sheet metal with lithography, and eventually plastic materials found their way into the line. Surprisingly to many collectors, the detail and almost scale-like quality of some of the Seki and Sakai electric outline locomotives produced in 'O' gauge made them very appealing to acquire. The EB58 reemerged in the post-war era and was one of these low cost but well designed locos. It was the electric outline model offered in kit form. When Sakai re-entered the U.S. market after World War II, they began to produce some 'O' gauge trains that were nearly identical copies of Marx designs. To add further insult, from 1946 to 1969 Sakai sometimes undercut Marx's prices. In addition to producing tinplate and die-cast toys, the company also made tinplate boats with electric outboard motors.

Seki Sakai 'O' gauge A-4800 Standard Models 2-6-0 StreamlinerOne early post-war version of the Sakai steam locomotive was a 2-6-0 die-cast bullet-nosed streamliner painted blue and called the A-4800. It was marketed under the Standard Models brand, and packaged with a set of four blue painted tinplate passenger coaches, the same coaches that were in the MU Interurban set. Seki/Sakai was one of the first Japanese manufacturers to utilize the die-casting process in model train making. The die-cast Sakai #301 steam outline locomotive in the 2-6-2 Prairie configuration looked similar to a Lionel #675. This loco became the flagship presence in the Sakai line for many years. It is believed to have been the largest volume export item provided to the U.S. market, primarily found in freight sets. It was sold mainly in department stores in Japan. Most of the ones made bore the #301. Early versions were die-cast while later versions were plasti-cast using low density styrene resin. Both the early and later tenders were made of tinplate. An automatic reversing device was standard in the Sakai 'O' gauge locos. The Sakai automatic reversing device broke the field of the motor by driving a ratchet, similar to a Lionel E-unit. However, the shift of the reversing device was only forward and reverse, unlike Lionel's 3-position device with a neutral position in-between each direction shift. The 1st and 3rd drivers on the 6-coupled Sakai power mechanism had flanged wheels, while the middle set of drivers were blind.

While the die-cast Sakai #301 locomotive looked similar to a Lionel #675, it’s about 2½ inches too short to be a 1:64 scale model of the Pennsylvania K5, though its height and width are about right, but it looked more detailed and costly than anything Marx made in its price range. It also ran really well, as long as the reverse unit was kept clean. Interestingly, there is a keystone shape embossed in the front boiler plate casting of the Sakai locomotive. The pressed tinplate tender closely resembled the Marx tender it directly competed with, but there were subtle differences. The most noticeable difference is that Marx’s tender was slightly wedge-shaped, while the Sakai tender was squared off. Marx’s design disguised the differences across its product lines, and Sakai had no reason to do that.

Sakai 'O' gauge Hudson & Pacific Freight set with #301 diecast steam loco, tinplate tender, gondola, 174520 Pacemaker Freight Service boxcar, 752 Pegasus tank car, and 201570 caboose

The #301 steam locomotive is most frequently found in a freight set that included a tender, an American-style box car in NYC red over grey colors numbered 1744520, a grey gondola numbered 1530000, and a caboose numbered 201570. All cars were lettered Hudson & Pacific, except for a yellow Pegasus tank car which was numbered 752. The freight cars were made of lithographed sheet metal with stamped steel operating knuckle couplers. A considerable number of these sets were sold mainly in department stores in Japan. Sets targeted at the American Market came in burnt-orange colored cardboard boxes bearing a color illustration featuring the steam locomotive pulling a 3-car freight consist coming down the track approaching a red based signal semaphore and in the background is an elevated steel girder trestle with a blue and white diesel locomotive. The words 'Standard Rail Way Electric Toys' are emblazoned across the top of the image. There have been a few variations to the #301 steam freight set discovered. Unlike U.S.-made trains that often had real brand names on them, Sakai used the name of a fictional railroad. The earliest sets were marked Hutton & Pacific on the loco's tender and cars. They intended to label them Hudson & Pacific. The mistake was caught quickly and the lettering was changed to Hudson & Pacific on later sets. Other than the name change on the cars, the early and later sets were the same, both having stamped steel couplers. The Hutton & Pacific version is very desirable to the Sakai collector, but these sets are extremely hard to find. A third version of this set was the same as the second version, except it had die-cast trucks, couplers and wheels. This version is also very hard to acquire.

Sakai 'O' gauge Post-war Canadian Pacific F3 Diesel Locomotive A unit Sakai’s rolling stock was a near-exact copy of Marx’s 3/16 tin lithographed trains if they were placed on Lionel-sized trucks with a Lionel-compatible knuckle coupler made of sheet metal. As mentioned, the later trains were labeled Hudson & Pacific on the tender, box car, caboose, and gondola. The paint scheme and lettering closely resembled Marx’s New York Central-inspired cars of the early post-war era. Sakai supplied a tank car lettered Pegasus, likely taking a cue from Mobil Oil, whose trademark was a red Pegasus in flight. The paint scheme and overall layout closely resembled the yellow Shell-lettered tank car that Marx sold in the early post-war era. In the post-war era Sakai also issued two 'O' gauge F-type diesel A unit sets featuring the same freight cars included with the steam engine sets. One diesel set featured a Hudson & Pacific labeled loco and the other a silver, red and grey loco lettered for the Canadian Pacific Railway. These diesels are quite rare today and are highly sought after by collectors.

Sakai No. 2 operating rail road crossing warning signal Sakai made and sold O-27 gauge tubular steel track that looked just like contemporary Marx or Lionel track, except the ties were located farther back from the ends and the cross ties were not painted or blackened. The post-war era Sakai 3-rail track is made of a lighter metal than that used in the pre-war era Seki 3-rail track. On a straight section, the Sakai track has 223mm long rails, excluding the pins, and the two small circular holes for screwing the track to a layout are about 3mm diameter punched in each sleeper/cross tie. It is believed that Sakai also OEM'd their track to other North American train manufacturers for their inexpensive sets. Sakai’s switches have similar internal components to the Marx #1590, although the controller is wired in a different way. A Marx or Atlas #56 controller can be utilized with these switches if the original controller is missing, or if a conversion to make them non-derailing is desired. The same instructions for Marx switches can be used to accomplish this conversion. Sakai’s switches are designed to operate with either Marx or Lionel trains and track.

Sakai HO gauge 1st generation tinplate trains circa 1950

Beginning in the 1950's Sakai also made HO trains that operated on 14 volts AC but on two rail track. The first sets featured a #H315 2-4-0 steam outline locomotive and tender pulling tinplate passenger cars. The tinplate HO gauge passenger cars were very similar to the pre-war era 'O' gauge 8-wheel tinplate passenger cars. They also produced an HO version of their 'O' gauge EB5873 4-6-4 box cab electric locomotive. Sometime later, Sakai produced an American type HO 2-6-2 steam outline loco that was virtually a miniaturized version of their 'O' gauge model, but die-cast instead of made of tinplate. The steam loco was initially labeled for the Hudson & Pacific fictious road, but eventually it was marked for the Baltimore & Ohio, and given the #327. The HO 2-6-2 steam locomotive with tender is also known to exist with Pennsylvania markings. These models always have black drive wheels and bear the number #1017 on the side of the loco cab. The cab window frames are painted red and the surrounding sheet metal is white on the sides. The Sakai-produced Pennsylvania decorated 2-6-2 locomotive was also sold under the Champ brand name in a set that included Varney and Mantua HO rolling stock.

HO scale die-cast F-type diesels were also produced. HO trains became the primary product exported to the U.S. in the 1960's and 'O' gauge production became the focus of domestic sales in Japan. The Sakai HO train locomotives were designed to pull 4 cars weighing a maximum of 17 ounces. This was the limit since the engines were die-cast, and had die-cast trucks, which added a great deal of weight. Locos typically weighed around 20 ounces (1.4 pounds). The cast wheel frames and die-cast body did provide a greater deal of traction however, and the locos were fitted with a substantial electric motor. The Sakai HO freight cars were equipped with scale-proportioned flanged Bettendorf style trucks and wheel sets that were designed to run on true HO scale track, rather than the taller tinplate track found in more toy-like plastic HO train sets of that era.

Sakai Produced HO Gauge Train Set Marketed Under the Name Stalwart House by Macy's Circa 1953
Sakai early HO gauge Hudson & Pacific Railway Freight set with diesel loco, #3620 gondola, #7571-125 Pacemaker Freight Service boxcar, #752 Pegasus tank car, and #6025 caboose

The first HO sets produced by Sakai featured cars that were made entirely of sheet metal. They were marketed in sets in the United States under the name Standard Model Railway. The range included both freight and passenger cars that appeared to be exact copies of the 'O' gauge tinplate freight and passenger cars that Sakai had produced in the early post-war era. The wheel flanges on these HO locomotives were insulated on one side, and power was drawn from the track using spring bolts. The flanges were at the same depth as other HO scale models from this period. A second generation of freight cars were made of tin printed/lithographed sheet metal. This made it possible to label the models very precisely. The lithographed set consisted of the Hudson & Pacific F-type diesel locomotive, #752 Pegasus tank car, #7571-125 Hudson & pacific Pacemaker box car, #3620 Hudson & Pacific gondola and the #6025 Hudson & Pacific cupola caboose. These sets were sold exclusively by Macy's Department Store under the Stalwart House brandname.

Sakai HO Gauge Trains Circa 1960's
Sakai later HO gauge Baltimore & Ohio Freight set with #237 2-6-2 Steam Outline loco, tender, PFE Reefer, NYC Coal Hopper, REA Reefer and Red Caboose Exported Under the Standard Electric Toys Brand

A later produced 3rd generation of Sakai HO gauge box cars and reefers were made of a combination of tinplate sides with plastic roofs and floors. Handrails were metal, but decorative ladders were plastic. Later hoppers consisted of detailed plastic shells with simulated coal loads mounted onto cast metal frames. Later cabooses were plastic shells with die-cast frames and the handrails and ladders on the deck were pressed on steel plates. These Sakai HO box cars, hoppers, and refrigerator cars were almost exact copies of HO freight cars produced during this period by the German manufacturer Fleischmann. In addition to 2 locomotive models, more than a dozen versions of these freight car models (4 reefer, 4 box cars, 4 hoppers and 1 caboose) and some accessories were also made during this time.

Sakai later HO gauge #522 Boston & Maine, #512 New Haven and #25702 State of Maine Bangor & Aroostock BAR Box Cars and #520 Northwestern Reefer

Sakai GHC import HO Train Company Philadelphia, PA Brill-type 8-window plastic trolley circa 1950's Sakai produced a ready-to-run HO scale 8-window plastic passenger trolley with dual overhead metal poles that was sold in the U.S. for $4.95 under the General Hobbies Corp. (GHC) brand. The Brill-type trolley car was an accurate representation of its prototype. It came in orange and yellow cardboard boxes that were marked with 'Manufactured for HO Train Co. Phila. PA'. GHC was a company founded by Bernie Paul, known for importing toys and model trains produced in Japan starting in the 1950's. Starting in 1953, an almost identical trolley began to appear in the catalogues of American HO train manufacturer Mantua of Woodbury Heights, NJ, who marketed it under its 'Tyco' brand in the United States. It is not known if Mantua acquired the trolley parts and plastic shells from Sakai. The Mantua version of the trolley did not however include the realistic operating metal trolley poles, that were standard issue on the Sakai manufactured version. Tyco versions of the trolley featured either a dummy plastic pole collector piece that gave the car a semi-realistic appearance, or they came as street cars, that had no poles at all.

The Sakai HO track included in their ready-to-run train sets consisted of brass rails and plastic sleepers. The track bears no markings to indicate the manufacturer. It is beleived that Sakai OEM'd their track to other companies that also sold HO model train products and sets in the U.S. The Sakai track is similar to the products made by Shinohara and Atlas during this period. A power pack that bore the Sakai logo was also included in their sets. It was labeled as a Model 12 and featured 16 volt DC output for the trains and 16 volt AC output for accessories, as well as a forward and reverse switch. Some HO freight sets were also marketed in the 1960's as a joint production by Bandai and Sakai. These sets featured tinplate trains manufactured by Bandai bundled with 2-rail Sakai HO track with brass rails on plastic ties and Sakai produced transformers that output 5 volts DC and AC. These sets came in cardboard boxes and bore the Genuine Sakai logo as well as the Bandai Baby logo.

Baltimore & Ohio Battery Operated Set Freight Cars
Sakai B&O Battery Powered Set ATSF box car Sakai Battery powered B & O Set Texaco Tank Car Sakai Battery powered B & O Set NYC Gondola Sakai Battery powered B & O Set flat car

In later years Sakai produced train sets that utilized battery power to operate and were marketed under the name 'Standard Gauge Large Model trains'. These trains are often times referred to as S gauge because the 2-rail tinplate track was the same dimensions as S gauge track, and these trains could run on S gauge track produced by other manufacturers, but the trains themselves were a smaller scale, closer to HO gauge. These trains were marketed as toys, not scale models, so precise scale modeling was not a requirement. They featured all tin-plate lithographed construction for the diesel loco, passenger cars and freight cars. These sets came in several different configurations, but were always headed by a diesel type loco. Some freight sets had 4 cars, some had five and the top of the line set had seven. The passenger sets are normally found with 3 passenger cars. The freight cars were fitted with 2 trucks or bogies, each with 4 flanged wheels, and included a silver Texaco tank car with painted red dome numbered TCX208, a brown New York Central gondola numbered 937240, a gray flat car with stakes, an ATSF Santa Fe sliding door box car in yellow and brown numbered 141529, an orange UP stock car numbered 19840, a brown B&O 2-bay hopper numbered 3287 and a Baltimore & Ohio red cupola caboose numbered 19035. There was no actual Sakai branding anywhere on the items in these sets, but they did say 'Made in Japan'. The sets featured F-type diesel locomotives, primarily found with blue and gold painted Baltimore & Ohio RR livery. However, collectors have located versions of these sets in a B&O 2-tone blue, a Santa Fe blue & yellow (Similar to the ATSF freight livery scheme but used for a passenger set) and a rare Southern Pacific Daylight orange and red. The locomotives took 2 D-sized batteries that were inserted into a hatch on the underside. The sets always came with a circle of the 2-rail S gauge tinplate track. It is believed that these HO/S gauge type battery operated sets may have been collaboratively produced by Sakai with other manufacturers such as Daikin and Mego Playthings.

Sakai Standard Railway HO Santa Fe freight set with 4 wheel tinplate cars

Another similar scale tin-litho type battery powered freight set marketed under the Standard Railway Electric Toys branding has shown up that features a Santa Fe #2356 F-type diesel loco adorning the famous war-bonnet paint scheme. The diesel is accompanied by cars that have 2 fixed axles, and only 4 flanged wheels on each car. The freight cars feature basic hook and eyelet-type couplers and consist of an orange H&P #753 Pegasus single dome tank car, unumbered black flat car with lumber load, unumbered red and grey AT&SF Pacemaker Freight Service sliding door box car and a green and cream colored #64790 Santa Fe cupola caboose. The loco featured an on-off switch on the bottom. The items packaged in this set had no manufacturer's markings. The locomotive and freight cars bore only the word 'JAPAN'. The cardboard set box did have a printed Sakai logo and was numbered 70906. The set box lid bore an illustration depicting an F-3 diesel in red and white pulling a passenger consist with mountains in the background.

By the 1970's model trains produced by Sakai disappeared from store shelves. Some collectors believe that Japanese model train manufacturer Katsumi (KTM) may have taken over the tooling and designs. The Sakai/Sakai Seisakusho/Sakai Seisakusho Ltd. Tokyo, Japan trademark was the company name "Sakai" placed within a diamond shape with concave sides formed from what appears to be four swords. The nearly identical logo had the company name replaced with the letters "SS". There is little collector interest in Sakai trains today, possibly because of difficulty identifying the equipment and because the brand is much less widely known than its U.S. counterparts. However, the trains made by Seki in the 1930's do have a following with a small group of collectors. Sakai trains are often referred to as Japanese Marx, because of their close resemblence and similarities to the American made Marx trains. Exactly what became of Sakai is unknown.

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